Pharmacy Residency

Sobrato Building

PGY2 Critical Care Pharmacy Residency

Our PGY2 Critical Care Pharmacy Residency Program welcomed its first resident in 2017 and received full accreditation by the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) in 2019.

The residency program director is Caroline Ko, PharmD, BCCCP, BCPS, Emergency Department and Critical Care Pharmacist Specialist. The interim residency program coordinator is Michelle Ito, PharmD, BCACP.

For 2022-23, the program is recruiting one PGY2 critical care pharmacy resident.

PGY2 Critical Care Pharmacy Residency Program 

Our PGY2 Critical Care Pharmacy Residency is a one-year postgraduate specialty training program that offers residents an immersive experience in all aspects related to critical care pharmacy after they have completed a PGY1 residency.

The goal of the program is to develop residents into advanced critical care pharmacy practitioners. Residents will become fully integrated members of the interdisciplinary critical care team, learn to manage complex pharmaceutical regimens in a fast-paced environment, complete quality improvement projects, and gain experience in inpatient pharmacy leadership, including committee work and precepting activities. 

Residents will complete training in pharmacy operations, required core rotations, and multiple elective rotations during the 12-month residency program. Our residency program partners with Stanford Hospital & Clinics to potentially offer one elective rotation to the critical care pharmacy resident. The rationale for selecting the required rotations is to comply with ASHP standards and ensure that residents will acquire the necessary clinical skills to become effective practitioners of the future. Residents are encouraged to select elective rotations that match their individual preferences and which build upon past experiences. Required rotations and elective rotations are outlined below.

Program Structure

  • 2 weeks Residency Orientation
  • 3 weeks Inpatient Staffing Training (duration may be altered depending on resident’s previous experience)
  • 5 required patient care learning experiences (5 weeks each)
  • 3 elective patient care learning experiences (5 weeks each). Any of the required ICU learning experiences can be repeated again as a general elective. 
  • Continuing Education 1 hour presentation (5 weeks learning experience)
  • Required longitudinal learning experiences include:
    • Inpatient Staffing
    • Residency Project & Publication
    • Critical Care Committee
    • Teaching Certificate (optional if already completed during PGY1)

Required Learning Experiences

  • Burn Intensive Care Unit (BICU)
  • Emergency Medicine (ED)
  • Medical Intensive Care (MICU)
  • Surgical Intensive Care (SICU)
  • Select 1 core rotation to repeat (ED, SICU, MICU)

Elective Learning Experiences

  • Infectious Disease
  • Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU)
  • Nephrology
  • Palliative Care
  • Anesthesia
  • Stanford Hospital & Clinics elective

At the completion of the PGY2 Critical Care Pharmacy Residency, the resident will possess the skills necessary to work as a pharmacist specialist in various critical care specialties and will be prepared to work in clinical, academic, and leadership roles.

Residency Activities 

Research Projects

Each PGY2 resident will be required to design and write a research proposal. If Institutional Board Review (IRB) approval is required, the resident will present to the IRB committee. The primary focus of the research project will be critical care-related, such as a quality improvement project or cost savings analysis. The Residency Program Coordinator, assigned project preceptor, and members of the Resident Research Subcommittee will guide the resident throughout the year with the intent of presenting the research results at Northern California Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) Meeting and potentially the Western States Regional Residency Conference in San Diego, California. Residents will prepare a project manuscript and may submit for publication in a peer-reviewed journal.  


Our institution is affiliated with a variety of pharmacy schools. Dozens of pharmacy students per academic year complete their clinical clerkship rotations (APPEs) within our institution, thus providing the resident many opportunities to precept pharmacy students. We have an expanding PGY1 program. PGY2 critical care residents will assist pharmacists in precepting students and PGY1 residents during their rotations. Additionally, our institution is a certified provider of continuing education for pharmacists; the PGY2 resident will be asked to present a continuing education program during the year.

All residents are invited to participate in the Teaching Certificate Program offered jointly by our institution and University of Pacific. Residents will improve their teaching skills through a variety of activities such as precepting pharmacy students/residents, participation in inter-professional activities, and participation in monthly teaching seminars. Upon completion of the program pharmacy residents will be issued a teaching certificate plaque by the University of the Pacific-San Jose Region. The program is optional for PGY2 residents who already have a teaching certificate from their PGY1 program.

Pharmacy Operations/Staffing

Residents will be required to staff approximately 4-6 days per month in critical care areas (including the emergency department and the medical, coronary, surgical, burn, and trauma intensive care units). Staffing requirements are subject to change.

Committee Work

As part of the longitudinal Critical Care Administration learning experience, residents will be required to attend monthly Critical Care Committee meetings. The resident must present and complete at least two critical care focused projects to the Critical Care Committee (and other committees as needed). Projects may include developing clinical guidelines, performing a medication utilization review, and creating or updating Epic medication builds. 

Regional & National Conferences

In October, residents may attend the California Society of Health-System Pharmacists (CSHP) Seminar, an annual four-day meeting where residents showcase their institution’s residency program to prospective applicants and have an opportunity to attend continuing education programs and develop networking connections.

In December, the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) Annual Midyear Meeting provides similar benefits to that of the CSHP meeting, except on a broader scale, as this is a national conference. 

The critical care pharmacy resident is encouraged to attend and present their research project at the annual Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) conference. 

In May, the resident will present the outcomes of their research project at the Northern California Society of Critical Care Medicine (NorCal SCCM) Meeting. Residents are also encouraged to attend and present their research results at the Western States Residency Conference. 

Conference attendance is optional, but encouraged. The residency program reimburses residents for at least 50% of registration costs, but the program is unable to reimburse residents for airfare (mileage reimbursement for driving is available). Hotel reimbursement is oftentimes granted, but this is not guaranteed like registration costs. Conference attendance requirements may be tailored to fit the resident’s projects and interests.

Qualifications for Acceptance

All applicants must fulfill the following criteria in order to qualify for acceptance into our PGY2 Critical Care Pharmacy Residency Program:

  • Completion of a Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) degree from an ACPE-accredited school of pharmacy​
  • Completion of an ASHP-accredited PGY1 pharmacy residency program or one in the ASHP accreditation process (i.e. – Candidate Status)
  • Eligible for licensure in the state of California
  • Demonstrate eligibility to work in the United States
  • Favorable recommendation letters from clinical facility and/or former employers
  • Demonstrate collegiality, clinical knowledge, interest in research, and motivation necessary for successful completion of residency training
  • Demonstrate desire to pursue a career in critical care pharmacy
  • Completion of an interview with residency program coordinator, residency program director, director of pharmacy services, and preceptors 

Application Process

For any questions, all interested applicants should contact:

Caroline Ko, PharmD, BCPS, BCCCP
PGY2 Critical Care Residency Program Director
[email protected]

Michelle Ito, PharmD, BCACP 
Interim Residency Program Coordinator 
[email protected]

The PGY2 Critical Care Pharmacy Residency participates in the ASHP Residency Match Program.

National Matching Services (NMS) Code: 761052


  • General PhORCAS application (including letter of intent)
  • Curriculum Vitae
  • Three references from clinical faculty and/or former employers. At least two of the three letters of reference must be from your PGY1 program. No supplemental letters are necessary; reference writers only need to fill out the PhORCAS reference form.
  • Supplemental attachments to be submitted via PhORCAS:
    • A sample presentation to be presented during the interview (20 min power point presentation on critical care related topic)​.

The deadline to submit the documents via PhORCAS is January 2, 2022.

Thank you for your interest in our program!