Research Publications


Elliott, C. S., Stoffel, J. T., Myers, J. B., Lenherr, S. M., Welk, B., Elliott, S. P., Shem, K., Neurogenic Bladder Research Group. (2019). Validation Of Upper Extremity Motor Function As A Key Predictor Of Bladder Management After Spinal Cord Injury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.

Dirlikov, B., Lavoie, S., & Shem, K. (2019). Correlation between thyroid function, testosterone levels, and depressive symptoms in females with spinal cord injury.Spinal Cord Series and Cases, 5(1), 61.

Elliott, C. S., Zlatev, D., Crew, J., & Shem, K. (2019). Do appreciable changes in the upper extremity motor capability to perform clean intermittent catheterization come about with time after traumatic spinal cord injury? Neurourology and Urodynamics, 0(0).​​

Quach, N.*, Ehsanian, R.*, Dirlikov, B., Sechrist, S., Mohole, J., McKenna, S., Isaac, I., &   Duong, T. (2019). Burden of Care Implications and Association  of ICH with Extremely Severe PTA after TBI: A 5- Year Retrospective Longitudinal Study. Frontiers in Neurology-Neurorehabilitation.


Ehsanian, R., Timmerman, M. A., Wright, J. M., McKenna, S., Dirlikov, B., & Crew, J. (2018). Venous Thromboembolism is Associated with Lack of Vitamin D Supplementation in Patients with Spinal Cord Injury and Low Vitamin D Levels. PM&R.

Zakrasek, E. C., Yurkiewicz, S. M., Dirlikov, B., Pence, B. T., & Crew, J. D. (2018). Use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to prevent heterotopic ossification after spinal cord injury: a retrospective chart review. Spinal Cord.

Perkins, A., Braunling-McMorrow, D., Doherty, D., Dirlikov, B., & Altman, I. (2018). Neuro-Net and the Seamless Future for Brain and Spinal Cord Injury. Brain Injury Professional.

Sechrist, S., Lavoie, S., Khong, C.-M., Dirlikov, B., & Shem, K. (2018). Telemedicine using an iPad in the spinal cord injury population: a utility and patient satisfaction study. Spinal Cord Series and Cases, 4(1), 71.

Elliott, C. S., Dallas, K. B., Zlatev, D., Comiter, C. V., Crew, J., & Shem, K. (2018). Volitional Voiding of the Bladder Following Spinal Cord Injury: Validation of Bilateral Lower Extremity Motor Function as a Key Predictor. The Journal of Urology. DOI:10.1016/j.juro.2018.02.064

Shem, K., Barncord, S., Flavin, K., & Mohan, M. (2018). Adverse cognitive effect of gabapentin in individuals with spinal cord injury: preliminary findings. Spinal Cord Series and Cases, 4(1), 9. DOI:10.1038/s41394-018-0038-y 


Elliot C, Shem K. (2017). Volitional Voiding After Spinal Cord Injury—Who Will and Who Will Not.  Current Bladder Dysfunction Reports 2017. 12 (4): 337–342. DOI:10.1007/s11884-017-0448-x

Zakrasek, E. C., Nielson, J. L., Kosarchuk, J. J., Crew, J. D., Ferguson, A. R., & McKenna, S. L. (2017). Pulmonary outcomes following specialized respiratory management for acute cervical spinal cord injury: a retrospective analysis. Spinal Cord55(6), 559–565. PMID: 28220822

Shem, K., Sechrist, S. J., Loomis, E., & Isaac, L. (2017). SCiPad: Effective Implementation of Telemedicine Using iPads with Individuals with Spinal Cord Injuries, a Case Series. Frontiers in Medicine4, 58. PMID: 28611986

Zlatev, D. V., Shem, K., & Elliott, C. S. (2017). Predictors of long-term bladder management in spinal cord injury patients-Upper extremity function may matter most. Neurourology and UrodynamicsPMID: 29044679

Lavoie, S., Sechrist, S., Quach, N., Ehsanian, R., Duong, T., Gotlib, I. H., & Isaac, L. (2017). Depression in Men and Women One Year Following Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI): A TBI Model Systems Study. Frontiers in Psychology8PMCID: PMC5418333

Kolakowsky-Hayner, S. A., Bellon, K., Toda, K., Bushnik, T., Wright, J., Isaac, L., & Englander, J. (2017). A randomized control trial of walking to ameliorate brain injury fatigue: a NIDRR TBI model system centre-based study. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation27(7), 1002–1018. PMID: 27733079


Shem, K., Karasik, D., Carufel, P., Kao, M.-C., & Zheng, P. (2016). Seated Tai Chi to alleviate pain and improve quality of life in individuals with spinal cord disorder. The Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine39(3), 353–358. PMID: 26914968

Zlatev, D. V., Shem, K., & Elliott, C. S. (2016). How many spinal cord injury patients can catheterize their own bladder? The epidemiology of upper extremity function as it affects bladder management. Spinal Cord, 54(4), 287–291. PMID: 26782841


Bellon, K., Kolakowsky-Hayner, S., Wright, J., Huie, H., Toda, K., Bushnik, T., & Englander, J. (2015). A home-based walking study to ameliorate perceived stress and depressive symptoms in people with a traumatic brain injury. Brain Injury29(3), 313–319. . PMID: 25356799


Perrin, P. B., Krch, D., Sutter, M., Snipes, D. J., Arango-Lasprilla, J. C., Kolakowsky-Hayner, S. A., Wright, J. Lequerica, A. (2014). Racial/ethnic disparities in mental health over the first 2 years after traumatic brain injury: a model systems study. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 95(12), 2288–2295. PMID: 25128715

Lequerica, A., Chiaravalloti, N., Cantor, J., Dijkers, M., Wright, J., Kolakowsky-Hayner, S. A., Bushnick, T., Hammond, F., Bell, K. (2014). The factor structure of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index in persons with traumatic brain injury. A NIDRR TBI model systems module studyNeuroRehabilitation35(3), 485–492. PMID: 25260230


Corrigan, J. D., Kolakowsky-Hayner, S., Wright, J., Bellon, K., & Carufel, P. (2013). The Satisfaction With Life Scale. The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 28(6), 489–491.  PMID: 24189288

Kolakowsky-Hayner, S. A., Wright, J., Englander, J., Duong, T., & Ladley-O’Brien, S. (2013). Impact of late post-traumatic seizures on physical health and functioning for individuals with brain injury within the community. Brain Injury27(5), 578–586. PMID: 23472705


Lequerica, A., Bushnik, T., Wright, J., Kolakowsky-Hayner, S. A., Hammond, F. M., Dijkers, M. P., & Cantor, J. (2012). Psychometric properties of the Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue scale in traumatic brain injury: an NIDRR Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems study. The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation27(6), E28-35. PMID: 23131968

Kolakowsky-Hayner, S. A., Wright, J., Shem, K., Medel, R., & Duong, T. (2012). An effective community-based mentoring program for return to work and school after brain and spinal cord injuryNeuroRehabilitation31(1), 63–73. PMID: 22523017

Kolakowsky-Hayner, S. A., Wright, J., & Bellon, K. (2012). A brief overview of the Patient Competency Rating Scale: updates and additions to the COMBI. The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation27(1), 83–85. PMID: 22218203

Ketchum, J. M., Almaz Getachew, M., Krch, D., Kolakowsky-Hayner, S. A., Baños, J. H., Lequerica, A., Wright, J., Arango-Lasprilla, J. C. (2012). Characteristics associated with satisfaction with life 1 year post traumatic brain injury in a population of Hispanic individuals. NeuroRehabilitation, 30(1), 23–33. PMID: 22349839

Malec, J. F., Hammond, F. M., Giacino, J. T., Whyte, J., & Wright, J. (2012). Structured interview to improve the reliability and psychometric integrity of the Disability Rating Scale. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation93(9), 1603–1608. PMID: 22510680

Bellon, K., Wright, J., Jamison, L., & Kolakowsky-Hayner, S. (2012). Disability Rating Scale. The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation27(6), 449–451.PMID: 23131965

Bushnik, T., Englander, J., Wright, J., & Kolakowsky-Hayner, S. A. (2012). Traumatic brain injury with and without late posttraumatic seizures: what are the impacts in the post-acute phase: a NIDRR Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems study. The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation27(6), E36-44. PMID: 23131969

Kolakowsky-Hayner SA, Hammond F,  Wright J, Novack T, Englander J, Diaz-Arristia R, Dennison A, Sueno P. (2012). Ageing and traumatic brain injury: age, decline in function and level of assistance over the first 10 years post-injury. Brain Injury26(11), 1328–1337. PMID: 22897421

Jamison, L., Kolakowsky-Hayner, S. A., & Wright, J. (2012). Preliminary investigation of longitudinal sociodemographic, injury and psychosocial characteristics in a group of non-English speaking Latinos with brain injury. Brain Injury26(6), 805–813. PMID: 22583171


Lin, C. Y., Wright, J., Bushnik, T., & Shem, K. (2011). Traumatic spinal cord injuries in horseback riding: a 35-year review. The American Journal of Sports Medicine39(11), 2441–2446. PMID: 21856930

Shem, K., Medel, R., Wright, J., Kolakowsky-Hayner, S. A., & Duong, T. (2011). Return to work and school: a model mentoring program for youth and young adults with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord49(4), 544–548.PMID: 21135861 


Cohn, J., Wright, J., McKenna, S., & Bushnik, T. (2010) Impact of Mean Arterial Blood Pressure During the First Seven Days Post Spinal Cord Injury. Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation, 15(3), 96–106. DOI: 10.1310/SCI1503-096


Englander, J., Bushnik, T., Wright, J. M., Jamison, L., & Duong, T. T. (2009). Mortality in Late Post-Traumatic Seizures. Journal of Neurotrauma26(9), 1471–1477. PMCID: PMC2864464


Bushnik, T., Englander, J., & Wright, J. (2008). Patterns of fatigue and its correlates over the first 2 years after traumatic brain injury. The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation23(1), 25–32. PMID: 18219232

Bushnik, T., Englander, J., & Wright, J. (2008). The experience of fatigue in the first 2 years after moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury: a preliminary report. The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation23(1), 17–24.  PMID: 18219231


Bushnik, T., Wright, J., & Burdsall, D. (2007) Personal Attendant Turnover: Association with Level of Injury, Burden of Care, and Psychosocial Outcome. Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation, 12(3), 66–76. DOI:10.1310/SCI1203-66

Bushnik, T., Englander, J., & Katznelson, L. (2007). Fatigue after TBI: association with neuroendocrine abnormalities. Brain Injury21(6), 559–566. PMID: 17577706


Duong, T. T., Englander, J., Wright, J., Cifu, D. X., Greenwald, B. D., & Brown, A. W. (2004). Relationship between strength, balance, and swallowing deficits and outcome after traumatic brain injury: a multicenter analysis. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation85(8), 1291–1297. PMID: 15295755

Patterson, R., Bushnik, T., Burdsall, D., & Wright, J.(2004) Considerations of Peer Support for Persons with High Tetraplegia. Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation, 10(3), 30–37. DOI: 10.1310/N1UW-85UR-PRT6-9MWY


Englander JS, Bushnik T, Duong TT, Cifu DX, Zafonte R, Wright J, Hughes R, Bergman W. (2003). Analyzing risk factors for late posttraumatic seizures: a prospective, multicenter investigation. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation84(3), 365–373. PMID: 12638104

Englander, J., Cifu, D. X., Wright, J. M., & Black, K. (2003). The association of early computed tomography scan findings and ambulation, self-care, and supervision needs at rehabilitation discharge and at 1 year after traumatic brain injury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation84(2), 214–220. PMID: 12601652


Hall, K. M., Bushnik, T., Lakisic-Kazazic, B., Wright, J., & Cantagallo, A. (2001). Assessing traumatic brain injury outcome measures for long-term follow-up of community-based individualsArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation82(3), 367–374. PMID: 11245760


Wright, J., Bushnik, T., & O’hare, P. (2000). The center for outcome measurement in brain injury (COMBI): an internet resource you should know about. The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 2000;15(1), 734–738. PMID: 10745188 


Hall, K. M., Knudsen, S. T., Wright, J., Charlifue, S. W., Graves, D. E., & Werner, P. (1999). Follow-up study of individuals with high tetraplegia (C1-C4) 14 to 24 years postinjury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation80(11), 1507–1513.PMID: 10569448

Hall, K. M., Cohen, M. E., Wright, J., Call, M., & Werner, P. (1999). Characteristics of the Functional Independence Measure in traumatic spinal cord injury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation80(11), 1471–1476.PMID: 10569443


Hall, K. M., Wallbom, A. S., & Englander, J. (1998). Premorbid history and traumatic brain injury. NeuroRehabilitation10(1), 3–12. PMID: 24525812


Englander, J. S., Cifu, D. X., Wright, J., Zafonte, R., Mann, N., Yablon, S., & Ivanhoe, C. (1996). The Impact of Acute Complications, Fractures, and Motor Deficits on Functional Outcome and Length of Stay After Traumatic Brain Injury: A Multicenter Analysis. The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation11(5), 15. Article Link​​​​​​​​​